On May 16, 2016, he was included in England's squad for the 2016 European Football Championship by national coach Roy Hodgson; together with striker Marcus Rashford (Manchester United), he was the only player without international matches to his name. The 1985 European Under-16 Championship (in short: European Football Under-16 Championship) was the third edition of the European Under-16 Football Championship and is intended for players born on or after 1 January 1967. In 1973, the Caribbean Overseas Line (CAROL) was established for service between Europe and the Caribbean. Together with the Christian Mærsk and the Italy Maru, a monthly service was set up. TRIO consisting of Ben Line, OCL, Hapag-Lloyd, MOL and NYK started in 1972. Hapag-Lloyd's Hamburg Express was a third-generation container ship with a capacity of 3,010 TEU and operated with sister ships Bremen Express, Hongkong Express and Tokio Express as well as Liverpool Bay, Cardigan Bay, Tokyo Bay, Kowloon Bay and Osaka Bay from OCL, the Elbe Maru and Rhine Maru from MOL, the Benalder, Benavon and City of Edinburgh from Ben Line and the Kamakura Maru, Kitano Maru and Kurama Maru from NYK.

The first ship was Lloyd Triestino's Nipponica in 1973, followed by Lloyd Triestino's Mediterranea, NYK's Hakata Maru and MOL's Mont Blanc Maru. CGM also joined in 1974 and took over the second ship from the KNSM as Caraibe. Part of the seventeen ships sailed via the Panama Canal and another part via the Cape of Good Hope, so that one ship could sail every five days. Together with the five other converted C-ships – the Cecilie Mærsk, Cornelia Mærsk, Chastine Mærsk, Clara Mærsk and Olivia Mærsk – Maersk then filled the service. Nedlloyd brought in the Nedlloyd Houtman, so that the service was operated with ten ships. In August, the Atlantic ships were sold to Trans Freight Lines (TFL) and the Seatrain Bennington and Seatrain Saratoga became the TFL Franklin and TFL Jefferson. In June 1975 ACE (Asian Containers to/from Europe) was also started, consisting of Franco Belgian Service (FBS) – Compagnie maritime des chargeurs réunis (CMCR), Compagnie maritime belge (CMB) and Ahlers -, K Line, Neptune Orient Lines (NOL) and Orient Overseas Container Line (OOCL). CMB and CP continued in 1984 in the Canada Maritime (Canmar) joint venture.

The Scandinavian Joint Shipping Service (ScanService) consortium started a round-the-world service between Europe and the Far East in 1969 with sailings every 15 days. In 1977, Malaysia International Shipping Corporation (MISC) joined ScanDutch and introduced the Bunga Suria and Bunga Permai in 1979. In 1976 Korea Shipping Corporation (KSC) joined ACE with the Korean Jacewon and Korean Jacejin, followed in 1979 at the insistence of the Korea Maritime and Port Administration (KMPA) by Cho Yang Line with the Korean Chance. This composition varied and so from 1979 the conro's Elgaren and Kolsnaren of Transatlantic were also deployed to less developed ports in southern Africa. Maersk deployed container ships on an existing service and Hapag-Lloyd deployed four container ships from 1977 previously used on the Atlantic, the Mosel Express, Elbe Express, gavi jersey Alster Express and Weser Express. In 1986 the service was taken over by OCL.

Here they worked together with OCL with the Table Bay, Ellerman Harrison Container Lines with the City of Durban, CMB with the Ortelius, Deutschen Afrika Linien (DAL) with the Transvaal and Nedlloyd with the Nedlloyd Hoorn. Following OOCL's acquisition of Furness Withy, it was evicted from OCL by the three remaining partners. In 1980 Tung had also taken over Furness Withy and thus Manchester Liners, making it the first Asian shipping company with a transatlantic service. In the early 1980s, the North Atlantic was still the busiest container service. The Chevalier Valbelle of Chargeurs réunis, Alemania Express chartered by Lloyd Triestino of Hapag-Lloyd and the Ercole Lauro of Lauro Lines followed a few years later. Between South Africa and the Mediterranean, Safmarine partnered with Lloyd Triestino who deployed the Africa and Europe, while Safmarine operated the SABecause it did not sail to Northwest Europe, but to the Mediterranean Sea, these members partly overlapped with the other consortia sailing to Europe. Finally, at the beginning of the 1990s, it was still sailing the Mediterranean Sea and the Persian Gulf with four ships. In 1998, the container branch and name rights of Australian National Line were taken over, although P&OCL had already taken over the activities between Europe and Australia a few years earlier.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *